Copyright and related rights in Jordan

The law relating to copyright goes back to 1992 (law n°22 of 1992) and has been amended for the last time in 2005 (the translation of the last amendments dating 2003 and 2005 is not available currently; thus, this summary is based on the law as amended in 2001). Jordan is party to the Berne Convention (Paris Act, 1971), to the WIPO Convention, to the TRIPS Agreement, to the WIPO Copyright Treaty and to the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty. There is no collective management body in Jordan.

1. INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Jordan is bound by the following instruments:

  • Berne Convention (on literary and artistic works), since July 1999
  • WIPO Convention, since July 1972
  • TRIPS Agreement, since April 2000
  • WIPO Copyright Treaty, since April 2004
  • WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, since May 2004

2. NATIONAL LEGISLATION:

  • Copyright Law No. 22 of 1992 as last amended by Law N° 52 of 2001

National law regulation of cinematographic and audiovisual works

Right holders:
  • authors (director, scenario-writer, adapter, dialogue writer, composer of the music especially made for the film. The authors of existing adapted works are assimilated to the authors of the work) (for television programs, the author of the written idea is considered as the author);
  • performers;
  • producer;
  • broadcasters.
Protected rights:
  • Authors’ rights:
    • economic rights: right of economic exploitation of the work by all means ; right to produce the work ; right of communication to the public; broadcasting right; reproduction right; rental and lending right; right of adaptation and translation.
    • moral rights: right to claim authorship; right to object modification, right of disclosure, right of withdrawal.
  • Performers' rights:
    • economic rights: right to authorise the fixation of their performances and the reproduction of the fixations ; broadcasting right ; right of communication to the public.
  • Broadcasters' rights:
    • economic rights: right to authorise the fixation of their broadcasts and the reproduction of the fixations, the re-broadcasting and communication to the public.
Assignability of rights:
  • authors’ rights:
    • economic rights: assignable inter vivos and mortis causae by application of the law
    • moral rights: transferable mortis causae
Existence of a presumtion of assignment of rights to the producer:

no.

Duration of rights:
  • authors’ rights :
    • economic rights: 50 years after lawful publication ; failing publication, 50 years after work completion.
  • performers' rights: 50 years from performance or fixation of the performance.
  • broadcasters' rights: 20 years after first broadcasting.
Infringements of rights punished by law:
  • any infringement of rights protected by law (including authors’ moral rights)
  • putting into circulation, promotion, offer for sale or rental of infringing copies
  • import or export of infringing copies
Proceedings and penalties:
  • summary proceedings
  • civil and penal actions
  • imprisonment from 3 months to 3 years
  • fines
  • prohibitory injunction
  • seizure of receipts
  • seizure of infringing objects and materials used for their production
  • destruction or neutralisation of infringing objects and materials used for their production
  • temporary closure of establishment or suspension of its operating licence
  • work rehabilitation (in case of unlawful modification)
  • allocation of damages
  • publication of the judgment

3. COMPETENT MINISTRY:

Ministry of Culture
PO Box 6140
Amman
Tel : 96.26.569.73.72
Fax : 96.26.569.65.46

Copyright Protection Office
National Library
PO Box 6070
Amman
Tel : 96.26.461.03.11
Fax : 96.26.569.65.46

Members of the office are assimilated to members of the Judicial Police.

4. COLLECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF RIGHTS

There is no collective management body in Jordan.

5. USEFUL LINKS

Law text in Arab language: www.arabpip.org

International conventions: www.ompi.org, www.wto.org

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